Established in 1985, Manas National Park is found within the Indian state of Assam and is placed close to the Manas River that is one in all the foremost tributaries of the Brahmaputraand divides the park in 2 halves. The reserve forests of the Manas National Park contain associate Elephant Reserve, Project Tiger Reserve, Biosphere reserve and have additionally been declared a orld Heritage Site under UNESCO. The name ‘Manas’ is derived from the Hindu deity, the snake deity ‘Manasa’ and is additionally shared with the river that transverses through the park.
The park was originally spread across 360 sq kilometers upon its institution in 1985, however when been expanded within the succeeding years it currently spreads across 950 sq kilometers and spreads across five districts within the state of Assam. The park is placed on the eastern Himalayan foothills and includes of marshy grasslands and thick monsoon, sub-Himalayan Terai and mountain forests. The park enjoys a favorable climate all year round with heavy rainfall throughout the monsoons.
The park enjoys a semi-tropical climate with hot and humid summers and mild winters. The monsoon season makes the park susceptible to heavy rains making it inaccessible. The hottest months are May and June when the temperatures can go upto 37 degrees Celsius with around 76% humidity.
Best Time to Visit
While it is best to avoid visiting the park during heavy monsoons or summer due to the unfavorable climatic conditions, the Manas National Park is open all year round. The best time to visit is between the months of October till February when the climate is the most pleasant and fauna activity is the highest. The winters in Manas National Park are mild and temperatures rarely go beyond 25 degrees making the park a perfect location for a wild winter getaway.
Wildlife at Manas National Park
The park is divided into two major biomes, the grasslands and the forests, each with its own unique exhibition of terrain, flora and fauna. The park houses 55 species of animals, 50 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and nearly 380 species of birds.
Animals – Indian Tigers, Leopards, Clouded Leopards, Asian golden cat, Barasingha, Hoolock Gibbons, Smooth-coated Otters, Capped Langurs, Gaurs, Asian Water Buffaloes, B Sloth Bears, Barking Deer, Hog Deer, Black Panther, Golden Langurs, Assamese Macaques, Slow Loris, Asian Elephants, Indian Rhinoceros, Sambar Deer and Chital.
Birds – Giant Hornbills, Jungle Fowls, Bulbuls, Brahminy Ducks, Kalij Pheasants, Egrets, Pelicans, Pied Hornbills, Grey Hornbills, Mergansers, Serpent Eagles, Falcons, Red-headed Trogon, Swamp Francolin, Wreathed and Rufous-necked Hornbill, Marsh and Jerdon’s Babblers, Pied Harrier, Rufous-rumped and Bristled Grassbirds, Hodgson’s Bushchat, Rufous-vented Laughing thrush, Finn’s Weaver, Ibis bill, Scarlet Minivets, Fishing Eagles, Magpie Robins, Bengal florican, Bee-Eaters, Harriers, Ospreys and Herons etc. and a variety of foothills species.